Alvar Aalto: (model 31/42), 1931

c/o Pictoright Amsterdam/Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam
Alvar Aalto - ontwerper
Artek Oy - productie in beheer van
Huonekalu-ja Rakennustyötehdas - producent
This chair is a low wooden variation on an icon of Modernism: the tubular-steel ‘Freischwinger’ without back legs, designed by Mart Stam in 1926-1927. The Finnish architect/designer Alvar Aalto also started off using metal for his pieces of furniture, but he found it unsatisfactory because of its high thermal conductivity and poor acoustic qualities. In the early 1930s, when he was working on his design for the Paimio Sanatorium, he made a permanent switch to wood. This decision was seen by many as resulting in a more human, typically Scandinavian Modernism. For the construction of this armchair, Aalto used laminated wood, which consists of thin sheets of wood glued together. New adhesive techniques from the aeronautical industry made it possible to absorb the great pressure exerted on the suspended seat and back rest. The seat is in plywood with a decorative veneer of Karelian birch.
Click here to see the 9 related documenttitles to this object
material and techniques used
lounge chair, laminated birch frame, plywood seat/backrest veneered with Karelian birch
68.9 x 61 x 71 x 38.7 cm.
object number

Read information about the copyright on this artwork

The collection of the Stedelijk Museum contains about 90,000 objects. It is the museum's ambition to present the entire collection on-line. At this moment a selection of 8,000 works is available: more works will be added continuously. In some instances a reproduction cannot be shown due to copyright reasons. For further information please mail You can also visit the library of the Stedelijk Museum where the collection database gives you access to all the works in the collection.